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Portugal grinds its way to Euro 2016 title, overcoming Ronaldo injury   Portugal beats hosts France in the Euro 2016 final and win their first major tournament thanks to substitute Eder's superb extra-time strike
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Sports Main Event: Many dead as truck hits c...
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B. 07-26 French church attack: 'Priest killer' was being monitored Church of Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray, Normandy, France
2. 07-23 Tour de France: Chris Froome set to win third title Southern France
D. 07-23 Cheltenham school pupils injured in France coach crash Lons-le-Saunier, France
E. 07-21 Nice attack: Prosecutor says suspect had accomplices Nice, Southern France
07-14 Many dead as truck hits crowd in Nice Promenade des Anglais, Nice, Southern France
G. 07-14 Boris Johnson is a liar, says French FM Paris
7. 07-10 Portugal grinds its way to Euro 2016 title, overcoming Ronaldo injury
8. 07-10 Tour de France 2016: Flying Froome takes yellow Bagneres-de-Luchon, Southern France
9. 07-07 France stuns Germany to make Euro 2016 final Stade Vélodrome, Marseille, Southern France

Recent Summary.     Click for More >
Many dead as truck hits crowd in Nice Map of Promenade des Anglais Nice France  A truck has struck a crowd during Bastille Day celebrations in the southern city, killing about 60 people during a firework display
French church attack: 'Priest killer' was being monitored Map of Church of Saint-%C9tienne-du-Rouvray Normandy France
2016 Jul. 26  
  Adel Kermiche, 19, suspected of killing a priest at a church was being monitored by police and was wearing a surveillance tag at the time of the attack
2016 Jul. 14  
 The truck driver had been shot dead. Mayor Christian Estrosi said that 'a lorry driver appears to have killed dozens of people', droving two kilometres (1.2 miles) through a large crowd
2016 Jul. 10  
 Portugal won the Euros because of its defense. Ronaldo was carried off in tears in the 25th minute 8 minutes after injuring his knee in a clash with France's Dimitri Payet. Paris
2016 Jun.27   Iceland knocked out England   England suffered their worst humiliation since they were knocked out of the 1950 World Cup by USA in Brazil. England manager Roy Hodgson resigns 2016 Jun.2   Louvre to close as Seine rises further   The world's most visited museum, the Louvre in Paris, is to close on Friday amid worsening flooding caused by days of torrential rain 2016 May.18   EgyptAir Flight MS804 from Paris to Cairo 'disappears from radar'  56 passengers, 7 crew members and 3 security personnel on board Flight MS804. The Airbus A320 was flying at 11,300m when it went missing

year 2015
... more >
2015 Dec.13   French far right National Front routed in key vote  France's far-right National Front (FN) has failed to win a single region in the second round of municipal elections 2015 Nov.13   Paris attacks: 120 dead and hostages held at Bataclan  France has declared a national state of emergency and has closed its borders after at least 60 people were killed in multiple gun and bomb attacks
 At least 15 people were killed near the arts centre, where up to 60 people are being held hostage. Police storm the venue. 3 people were killed in an attack near the Stade de France



     * Time by Topic * Location by Topic
France, 21st Century, Time by Topic
Time Politics Crime Disasters Sports Business
2016
Politics
2016 2016
Politics
Paris attacks: Key suspect Abrini arrested i...
Brussels raids: Paris attack suspect Abdesla...
Louvre to close as Seine rises further
EgyptAir Flight MS804 from Paris to Cairo ...
Iceland knocked out England
Louvre to close as Seine rises further
2015
French far right National Front routed in ke...
COP21: Paris climate deal is 'best chance to...
Charlie Hebdo: Vast Paris rally for France...
Paris attacks: 120 dead and hostages held ...
Charlie Hebdo: Vast Paris rally for France...
Gunmen shot dead 12 people at satirical ...
Germanwings airliner 4U 9525 crashes in Fr...
Sports
2015 2015
Sports
Business
2015 2015
Business
2014
Sarkozy held over influence claims
Eurosceptic 'earthquake' rocks EU
Sarkozy held over influence claims
Disasters
2014 2014
Disasters
Sports
2014 2014
Sports
Business
2014 2014
Business
2013
Politics
2013 2013
Politics
Cannes thief in jewel heist
3 Kurdish women shot dead in Paris
Hurricane-force winds batter northern Europe
Schumacher injured in skiing accident in F...
Business
2013 2013
Business
2012
Sarkozy concedes to Hollande
Two Western journalists killed in Syria
French gun victims 'UK tourists'
4 killed in shooting at French Jewish scho...
Disasters
2012 2012
Disasters
Sports
2012 2012
Sports
9 eurozone nations downgraded by S&P
2011
IMF head questioned over 'attack'
IMF head questioned over 'attack'
Disasters
2011 2011
Disasters
Sports
2011 2011
Sports
Business
2011 2011
Business
2010
Politics
2010 2010
Politics
Crime
2010 2010
Crime
Storm batters Europe, at least 51 dead
Sports
2010 2010
Sports
Business
2010 2010
Business
2009
Politics
2009 2009
Politics
Crime
2009 2009
Crime
Air France plane crashed
Sports
2009 2009
Sports
Business
2009 2009
Business
2008
France hosts Mediterranean summit
Olympic torch extinguished
Princess Diana 'unlawfully killed'
Rogue trader to cost SocGen $7bn
Disasters
2008 2008
Disasters
Olympic torch extinguished
Rogue trader to cost SocGen $7bn
2007
Nicolas Sarkozy wins presidential election
Crime
2007 2007
Crime
Warming 'very likely' human-made
Sports
2007 2007
Sports
Airbus to cut 10,000 jobs
2006
French in Armenia 'genocide' row
Labor law protests turn violent
Labor law protests turn violent
Disasters
2006 2006
Disasters
Italy wins World Cup over France
Business
2006 2006
Business
2005
Government declared state of emergency
EU 'in crisis' over talks failure
French voters reject EU charter
Boys' electrocution starts riots
Apartment fire kills 16
160 believed dead in jet crash
Armstrong stamps seventh Tour win
Business
2005 2005
Business
2004
Arafat died
Ailing Arafat arrives in Paris
Crime
2004 2004
Crime
Deadly airport roof collapse
Sports
2004 2004
Sports
Business
2004 2004
Business
2003
Politics
2003 2003
Politics
Crime
2003 2003
Crime
10,000 dead in heat wave
Sports
2003 2003
Sports
Business
2003 2003
Business
2002
Shock success for Le Pen
Crime
2002 2002
Crime
Disasters
2002 2002
Disasters
Sports
2002 2002
Sports
Business
2002 2002
Business
2000
Politics
2000 2000
Politics
Crime
2000 2000
Crime
Concorde crash kills 113
Sports
2000 2000
Sports
Business
2000 2000
Business

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French church attack: 'Priest killer' was being monitored Map of Church of Saint-%C9tienne-du-Rouvray Normandy France


July 2016 ... more > Top ^
2016 Jul. 26    
  Adel Kermiche, 19, suspected of killing a priest at a church was being monitored by police and was wearing a surveillance tag at the time of the attack
2016 Jul. 14     Many dead as truck hits crowd in Nice Map of Promenade des Anglais Nice France
  A truck has struck a crowd during Bastille Day celebrations in the southern city, killing about 60 people during a firework display
 The truck driver had been shot dead. Mayor Christian Estrosi said that 'a lorry driver appears to have killed dozens of people', droving two kilometres (1.2 miles) through a large crowd
2016 Jul. 10     Portugal grinds its way to Euro 2016 title, overcoming Ronaldo injury Map of Stade de France Paris France
  Portugal beats hosts France in the Euro 2016 final and win their first major tournament thanks to substitute Eder's superb extra-time strike
 Portugal won the Euros because of its defense. Ronaldo was carried off in tears in the 25th minute 8 minutes after injuring his knee in a clash with France's Dimitri Payet. Paris


June 2016 ... more > Top ^
2016 Jun.27     Iceland knocked out England
Map of Allianz Riviera Nice France
  England suffered their worst humiliation since they were knocked out of the 1950 World Cup by USA in Brazil. England manager Roy Hodgson resigns
2016 Jun.13   French police chief's killer 'claimed allegiance to IS'  A man claiming allegiance to so-called Islamic State (IS) stabbed a French police commander to death before being killed when police stormed a house 2016 Jun.2     Louvre to close as Seine rises further Map of Louvre Paris France
  The world's most visited museum, the Louvre in Paris, is to close on Friday amid worsening flooding caused by days of torrential rain


May 2016 ... more > Top ^
2016 May.18     EgyptAir Flight MS804 from Paris to Cairo 'disappears from radar'
Map of Cairo  56 passengers, 7 crew members and 3 security personnel on board Flight MS804. The Airbus A320 was flying at 11,300m when it went missing

April 2016 ... more > Top ^
2016 Apr.8   Paris attacks: Key suspect Abrini arrested in Brussels  The key remaining suspect in November's Paris terror attacks, Mohamed Abrini, has been arrested in Belgium, prosecutors confirmed

March 2016 ... more > Top ^
2016 Mar.18   Brussels raids: Paris attack suspect Abdeslam arrested  Paris attacks suspect Salah Abdeslam has been wounded and arrested in a dramatic raid in Brussels after four months on the run

year 2015 ... more > Top ^



December 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Dec.13     French far right National Front routed in key vote
  France's far-right National Front (FN) has failed to win a single region in the second round of municipal elections 2015 Dec.12   COP21: Paris climate deal is 'best chance to save planet'  Nearly 200 countries took part in tense negotiations in Paris over two weeks, striking the first deal to commit all nations to cut emissions
 The climate deal reached in Paris is 'the best chance we have to save the one planet we have', US President Barack Obama has said. China, the world's biggest polluter, also hailed the deal
2015 Dec.6   National Front leads in regional polls  France's far-right National Front (FN) appears to have made big gains in the first round of regional elections, estimates show

November 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Nov.22   Belgian police arrest 16 in anti-terror raids  22 raids were carried out on Sunday across Brussels and Charleroi. Suspected Paris attacks gunman Salah Abdeslam remains at large 2015 Nov.21   Brussels shutdown as manhunt for Paris fugitive continues  Central Brussels is almost empty after restaurants and bars shut early amid fears of a Paris-style attack, hours after Belgium raised its terror alert 2015 Nov.19   Paris attacks: 'Ringleader' Abdelhamid Abaaoud killed in raid  The Islamic State (IS) militant had died in a flat in the Paris suburb of Saint Denis. His body was found riddled with bullets and shrapnel in the apartment 2015 Nov.17   Paris attacks: Police swoop on apartment in northern suburb  Armed police are raiding a flat in the northern Paris suburb of Saint Denis in an operation believed linked to last Friday's attacks 2015 Nov.14   10 dead as French TGV high-speed train derails in east  A high-speed TGV train has derailed near the eastern French city of Strasbourg, killing at least seven people on a new Paris-Strasbourg line 2015 Nov.13       Paris attacks: 120 dead and hostages held at Bataclan
Map of Bataclan France  France has declared a national state of emergency and has closed its borders after at least 60 people were killed in multiple gun and bomb attacks
 At least 15 people were killed near the arts centre, where up to 60 people are being held hostage. Police storm the venue. 3 people were killed in an attack near the Stade de France


August 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Aug.20   French National Front expels founder Jean-Marie Le Pen  Jean-Marie Le Pen has been expelled from the far-right National Front (FN) following a feud with daughter and party leader Marine

July 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Jul.28   Channel Tunnel: '2,000 migrants' tried to enter  Some 2,000 migrants tried to enter the Channel Tunnel terminal in Calais on Monday night in an attempt to reach the UK, operator Eurotunnel has said

March 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Mar.24       Germanwings airliner 4U 9525 crashes in French Alps
Map of Digne France  Airbus A320 airliner has crashed in the French Alps. The flight 4U 9525 had been en route from Barcelona to Duesseldorf with 144 passengers and 6 crew
 No one is expected to have survived. The plane crashed after an 8-minute descent. The passengers included a German school class on its way back from an exchange trip


January 2015 ... more > Top ^
2015 Jan.11       Charlie Hebdo: Vast Paris rally for France unity
Map of Place de la Nation Paris France  More than 40 world leaders joined the start of the march, linking arms in an act of solidarity. 'Paris is the capital of the world today,' Hollande said
 The marchers demonstrate unity after the attacks on satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo, police officers, and a kosher supermarket
2015 Jan.7       Gunmen shot dead 12 people at satirical magazine
Map of 10 rue Nicolas-Appert 11th arrondissement of Paris France  Eight journalists and two policemen were among the dead. Police issued photos of two suspects, describing them as 'armed and dangerous'
 3 masked gunmen armed with Kalashnikov rifles, a shotgun, and a rocket-propelled grenade launcher stormed the headquarters of the Charlie Hebdo. They killed 12 people, including Charlie Hebdo staff and two French National police officers, and wounded 11 others


year 2014 ... more > Top ^



July 2014 ... more > Top ^
2014 Jul.1   Sarkozy held over influence claims  French ex-President Nicolas Sarkozy has been detained for questioning over alleged influence peddling

June 2014 ... more > Top ^
2014 Jun.6   D-Day anniversary: Veterans mark historic invasion  Almost 2,000 veterans and world leaders are attending the main commemoration event marking the 70th anniversary of the landings

May 2014 ... more > Top ^
2014 May.25     Eurosceptic 'earthquake' rocks EU  The National Front has come first in France's elections to the European Parliament in what PM Manuel Valls has declared a 'political earthquake'
 Eurosceptic parties are coming first in Denmark and Greece. Britain's UKIP party surges in Euro election. Sweden feminist party goes to Brussels. Left opposition leads Greece euro vote


year 2013 ... more > Top ^



December 2013 ... more > Top ^
2013 Dec.29       Schumacher injured in skiing accident in France   Seven-time Formula 1 world champion Michael Schumacher has suffered a head injury while skiing in Meribel, France

July 2013 ... more > Top ^
2013 Jul.28   Cannes thief in jewel heist  An armed man has stolen jewels worth about 40m euros at the Carlton Hotel in the French Riviera resort of Cannes, officials say

year 2012 ... more > Top ^



May 2012 ... more > Top ^
2012 May.6   Sarkozy concedes to Hollande  Francois Hollande defeated President Nicolas Sarkozy in a runoff, signaling a shift to the left as the country and Europe fight to dig out of a weak economy
 Hollande - who polled just under 52% of votes in Sunday's run-off - spoke of his pride at becoming presiden


March 2012 ... more > Top ^
2012 Mar.19     4 killed in shooting at French Jewish school   A teacher and three children were gunned down at Ozar Hatorah. It's the third time in the 10 days that a gunman on a motorcycle has fired on minorities
 French police are linking the shootings of four people at a Jewish school in Toulouse to the killings of three soldiers of North African descent in two separate incidents


year 2011 ... more > Top ^



May 2011 ... more > Top ^
2011 May.14       IMF head questioned over 'attack'  The head of the IMF, Dominique Strass-Kahn, 62, is being questioned by New York police over an alleged sex attack on a hotel maid
 He was taken off an Air France plane at JFK airport minutes before it left for Paris. The married former finance minister is considered a Socialist candidate for the presidency


year 2009 ... more > Top ^



June 2009 ... more > Top ^
2009 Jun.1     Air France plane crashed   The Airbus A330-200 with 228 people aboard reported electrical problems in stormy weather before it lost contact
 The plane sent an automatic message signaling an electric circuit failure as it hit turbulence


year 2008 ... more > Top ^



January 2008 ... more > Top ^
2008 Jan.24   Rogue trader to cost SocGen $7bn  Bank Societe Generale as uncovered 'massive' fraud by a trader which resulted in a loss of 4.9bn euros

year 2007 ... more > Top ^



May 2007 ... more > Top ^
2007 May.6       Nicolas Sarkozy wins presidential election   He won a clear victory over Segolene Royal, gaining 53% of the vote. President-elect has called for unity after a bitterly-contested campaign
 European leaders congratulated Sarkozy and hoped his triumph would help unblock reforms stalled by the rejection of the EU constitution. Bush telephoned and said he expected good relations with Sarkozy


year 2005 ... more > Top ^



October 2005 ... more > Top ^
2005 Oct.26   Boys' electrocution starts riots  Reports say the boys were trying to evade police in Clichy-sous-Bois. The crowds blamed police for the deaths of the 2 boys
 The riots and violent clashes in October and November were involving mainly the burning of cars and public buildings by groups of youths. Events spread to poor housing projects in parts of France. The state of emergency was declared on November 8, and things went back to normal on November 17


May 2005 ... more > Top ^
2005 May.29   French voters reject EU charter  By 56% voters have overwhelmingly rejected the European Union's proposed constitution in a key referendum

year 2003 ... more > Top ^



August 2003 ... more > Top ^
2003 Aug.14   10,000 dead in heat wave  Paris morgues are full and air conditioned tents have been set up to hold bodies
 Officials blame the high death toll on the length of the heat wave and that Parisian buildings typically lack air conditioning. In 'Plan Blanc' doctors and nurses being recalled from leave, morgue workers called out of retirement, and further 1,000 hospital beds being made available


year 2000 ... more > Top ^

2000 Jul.25   Concorde crash kills 113  Fuel tanks were ruptured by bursting tyres on 6 separate occasions before the fatal accident
before year 2000
Oct. 23, 1983       Beirut barracks bombing   During the Lebanese Civil War 2 truck bombs struck separate buildings housing U.S. and French military forces killing 299 American and French servicemen Jan. 27, 1973       Vietnam War cease-fire signed   The Paris Peace Accords ended direct U.S. military combat, and temporarily stopped the fighting between North and South Vietnam Dec. 21, 1958     Charles De Gaulle elected President of Fifth French Republic  De Gaulle oversaw tough economic measures to revitalise the country and rebuffed both the United States and the Soviet Union Oct. 5, 1958   Constitution of Fifth French Republic  It replaced that of the Fourth Republic dating from 1946. Charles de Gaulle was the main driving force in introducing the new constitution Aug. 25, 1944       Allies liberated Paris  A military combat that took place from 19 August 1944 until the German garrison surrendered the French capital on 25 August 1944 Jun. 6, 1944       Invasion of Normandy   The invasion by and establishment of Western Allied forces, during Operation Overlord; the largest amphibious invasion to ever take place Jul. 2, 1940       Vichy Government set up in France   It was the pro-Axis government headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain from 1940 to 1944 during World War II Jun. 3, 1940   Evacuation of Dunkirk completed  It was the evacuation of Allied soldiers when British, French, and Belgian troops were cut off and surrounded by the German army Sep. 3, 1939   Britain and France declare war on Germany  No Western power committed to launching a significant offensive, notwithstanding the terms of the Anglo-Polish and Franco-Polish military alliances Sep. 30, 1938   Munich Agreement signed  A settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders. 'Sudetenland' was coined Feb. 6, 1934   The Stavisky riots in Paris  An anti-parliamentarist street demonstration organized by far-right leagues that culminated in a riot near the seat of the French National Assembly May. 21, 1927   Charles Lindbergh completes first solo nonstop flight across Atlantic  As a 25-year-old U.S. Air Mail pilot, Lindbergh made Orteig Prize-winning solo nonstop flight from the Roosevelt Field in New York to Le Bourget Field Jan. 10, 1920   Treaty of Versailles ratified in Paris  The result of competing and sometimes conflicting goals among the victors was a compromise that left none contented Sep. 10, 1919   Treaty of St. Germain signed  The Treaty was signed by the victorious Allies of World War I on the one hand and by the Republic of German-Austria on the other Jun. 28, 1919   Treaty of Versailles signed  One of the peace treaties at the end of World War I. It ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers Apr. 28, 1919   League of Nations founded  It was an intergovernmental organisation founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War Nov. 11, 1918   Armistice ends World War I  The armistice between the Allies and Germany was the agreement that ended the fighting in western Europe that comprised the First World War Aug. 18, 1917   Verdun offensive began  On 18 August Fleury was recaptured and by September French counter-attacks had recovered much of the ground lost in July and August Nov. 9, 1917   Georges Clemenceau became Premier of France  Unlike his predecessors, he discouraged internal disagreement and called for peace among the senior politicians Feb. 21, 1916   Battle of Verdun begins  On the Western Front between the German and French armies, on hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France Sep. 6, 1914   First Battle of Marne begins  It resulted in an Allied victory against the German Army under Chief of Staff Helmuth von Moltke the Younger Dec. 9, 1905   Separation of church and state in France  Passed by the Chamber of Deputies during the Third Republic, it established state secularism in France. France was then governed by the Left Coalition Apr. 8, 1904   Entente Cordiale signed by England and France  A series of agreements between the United Kingdom and France, marking the start of the alliance against Germany and Austria-Hungary Jan. 13, 1898   Emile Zola publishes J'accuse  He was a major figure in the political liberalization of France and in the exoneration of the falsely accused and convicted officer Alfred Dreyfus Sep. 28, 1895   Louis Pasteur died  A French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, fermentation and pasteurization Nov. 22, 1890   Charles De Gaulle born  A French general, resistant, writer and statesman. He was the leader of Free France. He founded the Fifth Republic Oct. 28, 1886   Statue of Liberty dedicated  The copper statue was built by Gustave Eiffel. It was a gift to the United States from the people of France Jan. 28, 1871   Paris surrendered to German Army  The Siege of Paris led to French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the establishment of the German Empire as well as the Paris Commune Sep. 4, 1870   Third Republic proclaimed in France  The early days of the Third Republic were dominated by the Franco-Prussian War, which the Republic continued to wage May. 15, 1859   Pierre Curie born  A French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity. In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics Mar. 19, 1859   First production of Gounod's Faust  Faust is a grand opera in five acts by Charles Gounod to a French libretto based on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's Faust Sep. 11, 1855   Sebastopol surrendered  French, Ottoman, and British were intending to make a triumphal march to Sevastopol. The 56-kilometre traverse took a year of fighting Aug. 5, 1850   Guy de Maupassant born  A popular French writer, considered one of the fathers of the modern short story and one of the form's finest exponents. Feb. 24, 1848   King Louis Philippe abdicated  Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party Dec. 11, 1848   Louis Napoleon elected President of Second Republic of France  Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte was the first President of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor of the Second French Empire Sep. 28, 1841   George Clemenceau born  A French statesman who led the nation in the First World War. A leader of the Radical Party, he played a central role in politics during the Third Republic Feb. 25, 1841   Pierre August Renoir born  A French artist who was a leading painter in the development of the Impressionist style; celebrator of beauty, and especially feminine sensuality Nov. 4, 1840   Auguste Rodin born  A French sculptor, generally considered the progenitor of modern sculpture, he did not set out to rebel against the past Nov. 14, 1840   Claude Monet born  A founder of French Impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movement's philosophy Oct. 9, 1835   Saint Saens born  Charles-Camille Saint-Saëns was a French composer, organist, conductor and pianist of the Romantic era Jul. 19, 1834   Edgar Degas born  A French artist famous for his paintings, sculptures, prints, and drawings. He is especially identified with the subject of dance Jan. 23, 1832   Edouard Manet born  A French painter, one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism Aug. 7, 1830   Louis Philippe accepted crown of France  Louis Philippe I (6 October 1773 – 26 August 1850) was King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party Jul. 27, 1830   Revolution breaks out in Paris  The July Revolution saw the overthrow of King Charles X, and the ascent of his cousin Louis-Philippe who himself would in turn be overthrown Dec. 27, 1822   Louis Pasteur born  A French chemist and microbiologist renowned for his discoveries of the principles of vaccination, microbial fermentation Dec. 12, 1821   Gustav Flaubert born  An influential French writer who was perhaps the leading exponent of literary realism of his country. He is known for Madame Bovary Sep. 26, 1815   Holy Alliance between Russia, Austria, and Prussia  A coalition created by the monarchist great powers of Russia, Austria and Prussia. It was created after the ultimate defeat of Napoleon Aug. 8, 1815   Napoleon Bonaparte leaves for St. Helena  The British government selected Saint Helena as the place of detention of Napoleon Bonaparte Jun. 18, 1815   Napoleon Bonaparte defeated at Waterloo  A French army under Napoleon was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-allied army
 Prussian army was under the command of Gebhard von Blücher. Waterloo cost Wellington around 15,000 dead or wounded and Blücher some 7,000. Napoleon's losses were 24,000 to 26,000 killed or wounded and included 6,000 to 7,000 captured
Apr. 11, 1814   Napoleon Bonaparte abdicated and Treaty of Fontainebleau signed  In the Treaty of Fontainebleau, the victors exiled him to Elba, an island of 12,000 inhabitants in the Mediterranean Feb. 20, 1808   Honore Daumier, artist, born  A French printmaker, caricaturist, painter, and sculptor, whose many works offer commentary on social and political life in France in the 19th century Jul. 5, 1804   George Sand born  Amantine-Lucile-Aurore Dupin was a French novelist and memoirist, known for her much publicized romantic affairs with a number of artists Apr. 30, 1803   USA purchased Louisiana from France  The Louisiana Purchase was the acquisition of the Louisiana territory. The U.S. paid fifty million francs ($11,250,000 USD) and a cancellation of debts May. 19, 1802   Order of the Legion of Honor created  A French order established by Napoleon Bonaparte. Is the highest decoration in France and is divided into five degrees of increasing distinction Feb. 26, 1802   Victor Hugo born  A French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers Nov. 9, 1799   Napoleon Bonaparte's coup d'etat of Brumaire  The coup brought General Napoleon to power as First Consul of France, and, in the view of most historians, ended the French Revolution Mar. 9, 1796   Napoleon Bonaparte and Josephine marry  In 1795, she met Napoléon, six years her junior, and became his mistress. In 1796 Napoléon proposed to her and they married on 9 March Jul. 28, 1794   Maximilien Mavie Isidore Robespierre guillotined  Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution Jul. 13, 1793   Charlotte Corday murders Jean Marat  She was executed under the guillotine for the assassination of Marat, who was in part responsible for the more radical course Jun. 23, 1793   Reign of Terror begins in France  Incited by conflict between the Girondins and the Jacobins, and marked by mass executions of 'enemies of the revolution' Jan. 21, 1793   Louis XVI guillotined  He was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of high treason, and executed by as a desacralized French citizen known as 'Citizen Louis Capet' Aug. 10, 1792   Storming of the Tuileries  The palace was stormed by an armed mob, which overwhelmed and massacred the Swiss Guard as the royal family fled through the gardens Aug. 26, 1789   Declaration of the Rights of Man adopted  Passed by France's National Constituent Assembly, is a fundamental document of the French Revolution and in the history of human rights
 he Declaration was directly influenced by Thomas Jefferson,
Jul. 14, 1789   Fall of the Bastille  The prison only contained 7 inmates but was a symbol of the abuses of the monarchy: its fall was the flashpoint of the French Revolution
 The medieval fortress and prison in Paris known as the Bastille represented royal authority in the center of Paris.
May. 5, 1789   Estates General meet in France  A general assembly representing the estates of the realm: the clergy (First Estate), the nobles (Second Estate), and the common people (Third Estate) Nov. 18, 1789   Louis Daguerre born  A French artist and photographer, recognized for his invention of the daguerreotype process of photography Sep. 3, 1783   Definitive Treaty of Paris signed ending American Revolution  By representatives between Great Britain and the nations that supported the American cause: France, Spain and the Dutch Republic Jun. 5, 1783   First fire balloon ascent by Montgolfier Brothers  The brothers succeeded in launching the first manned ascent, carrying Étienne into the sky. Their father Pierre was elevated to the nobility Aug. 15, 1769   Napoleon Bonaparte born  Born to Carlo Maria di Buonaparte and Maria Letizia Ramolino in his family's ancestral home, in Ajaccio, the capital of the island of Corsica
 He was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and its associated wars
Apr. 22, 1769   Mme. DuBarry becomes official mistress of Louis XV  Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du Barry was the last Maîtresse-en-titre of Louis XV and one of the victims of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution Nov. 21, 1694   Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire born  A Enlightenment writer and philosopher famous for his advocacy of freedom of religion, expression, and separation of church and state Sep. 5, 1638   King Louis XIV born  A monarch of the House of Bourbon. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the longest of any monarch of a major country in European history Jan. 29, 1635   Academie Francaise founded  On 22 February 1635, at Richelieu's urging, King Louis XIII granted letters patent formally establishing the body Jan. 15, 1622   Jean Baptiste Poquelin Moliere born  A French playwright and actor who is considered to be one of the greatest masters of comedy in Western literature Mar. 31, 1596   Rene Descartes born  31 March 1596 – 11 February 1650. A French philosopher, mathematician and writer who spent most of his life in the Dutch Republic Aug. 23, 1572   St. Bartholomew's massacre of Huguenots  The St. Bartholomew's Day massacre was a targeted group of assassinations, followed by a wave of Catholic mob violence
 Traditionally believed to have been instigated by Catherine de' Medici, the mother of King Charles IX, the massacre took place five days after the wedding of the king's sister Margaret to the Protestant Henry III of Navarre
May. 2, 1519   Leonardo da Vinci died  An Italian polymath, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer
 He is widely considered to be one of the greatest painters of all time and perhaps the most diversely talented person ever to have lived
May. 30, 1431   Jeanne of Arc, burned at the stake  Tied to a tall pillar at the Vieux-Marché in Rouen, she asked two of the clergy to hold a crucifix before her May. 8, 1429   Joan of Arc liberates Orleans  This long-awaited event boosted French morale and paved the way for the final French victory Mar. 31, 1146   St. Bernard preaches Second Crusade  The Pope commissioned Bernard to preach the Second Crusade. A parliament was convoked at in Burgundy, and he preached before the assembly Nov. 27, 1095   Pope Urban II preaches First Crusade  The First Crusade (1096–1099) was the first of a number of crusades that attempted to capture the Holy Lands called by Pope Urban II